Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering

Refereed Journal Publications

1980-1990

(1) J.S.Arora, E.J.Haug and S.D.Rajan, “Efficient Treatment of Constraints in Large-Scale Structural Optimization”, Engineering Optimization, 5, 105-120, 1981.
(2) S.D.Rajan and M.A.Bhatti, “Data Management in FEM-based Optimization Software”, Computers and Structures, 16, 317-326, 1982.
(3) M.A.Bhatti, S.M.Nasir Raza and S.D.Rajan, “Preliminary Optimal Design of Cable-Stayed Bridges”, Engineering Optimization, 8, 265-289, 1985.
(4) S.D.Rajan and M.A.Bhatti, “On Designing a Database Management System for a Computer-Aided Engineering Software System”, Computers and Structures, 21, 1047-1057, 1985.
(5) S.D.Rajan, “TEQUEL: An Engineering Relational DBMS”, Engineering Computations, 2, 195-202, 1985.
(6) S.D.Rajan and M.A.Bhatti, “SADDLE: A Computer-Aided Structural Analysis and Dynamic Design Language – Part II. Database Management System”, Computers and Structures, 22, 205-212, 1986.
(7) S.D.Rajan and M.A.Bhatti, “SADDLE: A Computer-Aided Structural Analysis and Dynamic Design Language – Part I. Design System”, Computers and Structures, 22, 185-204, 1986.
(8) S.D.Rajan, “A Hybrid NLP Solution Method for Engineering Design”, Journal of Structural Mechanics, 14, 455-474, 1986.
(9) S.D.Rajan and A.D.Belegundu, “A Shape Optimization Approach Using Fictitious Loads as Design Variables”, 28th AIAA/ASCE/ASME/AHS Structures, Dynamics and Materials Conference, Monterey, CA, Part 1, 587-595, 1987.
(10) M.Rajan, S.D.Rajan, H.D.Nelson and W.J.Chen, “Optimal Placement of Critical Speeds in Rotor Bearing Systems”, ASME Trans. J. of Vibration, Acoustics, Stress and Reliability in Design, 109, 152-157, 1987.
(11) S.D.Rajan and J.Budiman, “A Study of Two-Dimensional Plane Elasticity Finite Elements for Optimal Design”, Mechanics of Structures and Machines, 15, 185-207, 1987.
(12) A.D.Belegundu and S.D.Rajan, “A Shape Optimization Approach Based on Natural Design Variables and Shape Functions”, Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 66, 87-106, 1988.
(13) W.J.Chen, M.Rajan, S.D.Rajan and H.D.Nelson, “The Optimal Design of Squeeze Film Dampers for Flexible Rotor Systems”, ASME Trans. J. of Mechanisms, Transmissions and Automation in Design, 110, 166-174, 1988.
(14) S.D.Rajan, A.D.Belegundu and J.Budiman, “An Integrated Shape Optimal Design System”, Computers and Structures, 30, 337-346, 1988.
(15) A.D.Belegundu and S.D.Rajan, “Shape Optimal Design Using Isoparametric Elements”, 29th AIAA/ASCE/ASME/AHS Structures, Dynamics and Materials Conference, Part 1, 500-510, Williamsburg, VA, 1988.
(16) S.D.Rajan and A.D.Belegundu, “Shape Optimal Design Using Fictitious Loads”, AIAA Journal, 27, 102-116, 1989.
(17) S.D.Rajan and L.Gani, “A Comparison of Natural and Geometric Approaches for Shape Optimal Design”, Proc. 31st AIAA/ASCE/ASME/AHS SDM Conference, Long Beach, CA, Part 1, 196-205, 1990.

1991-2000

(18) S.D.Rajan, J.Budiman and L.Gani, “Topologically Based Adaptive Mesh Generator for Shape Optimal Design”,  Proc. 32nd AIAA/ASCE/ASME/AHS SDM Conference, Baltimore, MD, Part 1, 653-663, 1991.
(19) W.J.Chen, S.D.Rajan, M.Rajan and H.D.Nelson, “Application of Nonlinear Programming for Balancing Rotor Systems”, Engineering Optimization, 17, 79-90, 1991.
(20) S.D.Rajan, B.Nagaraj and M.Mahalingam, “A Shape Optimal Design Methodology for Packaging Design”, ASME Trans. J. of Electronic Packaging, Vol. 114, 461-466, 1992.
(21) J. Budiman and S. D. Rajan, “Shape Optimal Design Methodology – The Hybrid Natural Approach”, Proc. 34th AIAA/ASCE/ASME/AHS SDM Conference, San Diego, CA, Part 1, 544-554, 1993.
(22) G. W. Hall, C. Krischer, B. Mobasher and S. D. Rajan, “The Construction of Sutureless Cataract Incision and the Management of Corneal Astigmatism”, Current Opinion in Ophthalmology, 4:1, 33-38, 1993.
(23) M.Hossain, J.W.Zaniewski and S.D.Rajan, “Estimation of Pavement Layer Moduli Using a Nonlinear Optimization Technique”, ASCE J. of Transportation Engineering, 120, 376-393, 1994.
(24) S-W.Chin, B.Nagaraj, S.D.Rajan and L.M.Mahalingam, “Automated Design Tool for Examining Microelectronic Packaging Design Alternatives”, IEEE Trans. on Components, Packaging, and Manufacturing Technology. Part B: Advanced Packaging, 17, 76-82, 1994.
(25) S.D.Rajan, V.Sarihan and M.Mahalingam, “Methodology for Automated Design of Electronic Packages”, ASME Trans. J. of Electronic Packaging, 116, 274-281, 1994.
(26) S.D.Rajan, “Sizing, Shape and Topology Design of Trusses Using a Genetic Algorithm”, ASCE J of Structural Engineering, 121-10, 1480-1487, 1995.
(27) S.D.Rajan, S-W.Chin and L.Gani, “Towards a Practical Design Optimization Tool”, Microcomputers in Civil Engineering, 11, 259-274, 1996.
(28) S-Y.Chen, J. Situ, B. Mobasher and S. D. Rajan, “Use of Genetic Algorithms for the Automated Design of Residential Steel Roof Trusses”, ASCE Press, 43-54, 1997.
(29) S-Y.Chen and S. D. Rajan, “Improving the Efficiency of Genetic Algorithms for Frame Designs”, Engineering Optimization, 30, 281-307, 1998.
(30) S.D.Rajan and B.Nagaraj, “Towards Enhancing the Life of Plastic Power Packages Using Design Optimization”, Intl. J of Microelectronic Packaging, 1, 83-95, 1998.
(31) L.Gani and S.D.Rajan, “Use of Fracture Mechanics and Shape Optimization for Component Designs”, AIAA Journal, 37, 255-260, 1999.
(32) S.D.Rajan, B.Mobasher, S-Y.Chen and C.Young, “Cost-Based Design of Residential Steel Roof Systems: A Case Study”, Struct Eng Mech,  8-2, 165-180, 1999.
(33) S-Y.Chen and S.D.Rajan, “A Robust Genetic Algorithm for Structural Optimization”, Struct Eng Mech, 10-4, 313-336, 2000.

2001-2010

(34) S. Yu, J.A. St.Ville and S.D.Rajan, “Inverse Design Techniques for Improving Composite Prosthetic Devices”, Engineering Optimization, 34-5, 427-443, 2002.
(35) D.T. Nguyen, W.R. Watson, S. Tungkahotara and S.D. Rajan,  “Parallel Finite Element Domain Decomposition for Structural and Acoustic Analysis”, Journal of Computational and Applied Mechanics, 4-2, 189-201, 2004.
(36) S.D. Rajan, D.T. Nguyen, M.D. Deshpande and L. Harrell, “Optimal Design of Engineering Systems Using MPI-enabled Genetic Algorithm”, Computer Assisted Mechanics and Engineering Sciences Journal, 11(2-3), 1-11, 2004.
(37) A.D. Belegundu, A. Damle, S.D. Rajan, B. Dattaguru and James St. Ville,  “Parallel Line Search in Method of Feasible Directions”, Optimization and Engineering Journal, 5, 379-288, 2004.
(38) S.D. Rajan and D.T. Nguyen, “Design Optimization of Discrete Structural Systems Using MPI-enabled Genetic Algorithm”, Journal of Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization, 27, 1-9, 2004.
(39) J. Sharda, C. Deenadayalu, B. Mobasher and S. D. Rajan, “Modeling of Multi-Layer Composite Fabrics for Gas Turbine Engine Containment Systems”, ASCE J of Aerospace Engineering, 19:1, 38-45, 2006.
(40) C. Deenadayalu, B. Mobasher, S.D. Rajan and G. Hall, “Refractive Change Induced by the Lasik Flap in a Biomechanical Finite Element Analysis Model”, Journal of Refractive Surgery, 22:3, 286-292, 2006.
(41) A. Vaidya, S. Yu, J. St. Ville, D.T. Nguyen and S.D. Rajan, “Multiphysics CAD-Based Design Optimization”, Mech. Based Design of Structures and Machines, 34:2, 157-180, 2006.
(42) S.D. Rajan, A.D. Belegundu, A. Damle, D. Lau and J. St.Ville, “General Implementation of Multilevel Parallelization in a Gradient-based Design Optimization Algorithm”, AIAA Journal, 44:9, 1993-2008, 2006.
(43) S.D. Rajan, A.D. Belegundu, A. Damle and D. Lau, “Two-level Parallelization for Finite-Element Based Design Optimization via Case Studies”, Optimization and Engineering Journal, DOI 10.1007/s11081-007-9007-1, 2007.
(44) V. Argod, A.D. Belegundu, R. Jain, A. Aziz, V. Agarwala and S.D. Rajan, “MPI-enabled Shape Optimization of Panels Subjected to Air Blast Loading”, Int. J Simulation and Multidisciplinary Design Optimization, 2, 273-282, 2008.
(45) S. Chokshi, C. Mei, D.T. Nguyen and S.D. Rajan, “Nonlinear Random Response of Large-Scale Sparse Finite Element Structural Problems, J Computational and Applied Mechanics, 9:1, 1-12, 2009.
(46) D. Naik, S. Sankaran, B. Mobasher, S. D. Rajan and J. M. Pereira, “Development of Reliable Modeling Methodologies for Fan Blade-Out Containment Analysis. Part I: Experimental Studies”, J of Impact Engineering, 36:1, 1-11, 2009.
(47) Z. Stahlecker, B. Mobasher, S.D. Rajan and J. M. Pereira, “Development of Reliable Modeling Methodologies for Fan Blade-Out Containment Analysis. Part II: Finite Element Analysis”, J of Impact Engineering, 36:3, 447-459, 2009.
(48) S. Bansal, B. Mobasher, S.D. Rajan and I. Vintilescu, “Numerical Modeling of Engine Fan Blade-Out Events”, ASCE J of Aerospace Engineering, 22, 249-259, 2009.
(49) S.D. Rajan and B. Mobasher, “A Comprehensive Methodology for Characterization of Dry Fabrics”, World Journal of Engineering, 7:1, 154-162, 2010.
(50) K. Krishnan, S. Sockalingam, S. Bansal and S. D. Rajan, “Numerical Simulation of Ceramic Composite Armor Subjected to Ballistic Impact”, Composites Part B, 41, 583-593, 2010.

2011-now

(51) D. Zhu, B. Mobasher, S.D. Rajan, A. Peled and M. Mignolet, “Modal Analysis of a Servo-hydraulic High Speed Testing Machine and Its Application to Dynamic Tensile Testing at an Intermediate Strain Rate”, Experimental Mechanics, DOI: 10.1007/s11340-010-9443-2, 2010. Also Experimental Mechanics, 51:8, 2011.
(52) D. Zhu, B. Mobasher and S.D. Rajan, “Dynamic Testing of Kevlar 49 Fabrics”, ASCE Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 23:3, 230-239, 2011.
(53) S. Tungkahotara, W. R. Watson, D. T. Nguyen, S. D. Rajan, “Parallel-Sparse Symmetrical/Unsymmetrical Finite Element Domain Decomposition Solver with Multi-Point Constraints for Structural/Acoustic Analysis”, WSEAS Transactions on Applied and Theoretical Mechanics, 1:6, 37-47, 2011.
(54) D. Zhu, B. Mobasher and S.D. Rajan, “Experimental Study and Modeling of Single Yarn Pull-Out Behavior of Kevlar 49 Fabric”, Composites Part A, 42:7, 868-879, 2011.
(55) D. Zhu, B. Mobasher, S.D. Rajan and P. Peralta, “Characterization of Dynamic Tensile Testing using Aluminum Alloy 6061-T6 at Intermediate Strain Rates”, ASCE J of Engineering Mechanics, (doi:10.1061/(ASCE)EM.1943-7889.0000264), 2011.
(56) D. Zhu, B. Mobasher and S.D. Rajan, “Non-contacting Strain Measurement for Cement-based Composites in Dynamic Tensile Testing”, Cement and Concrete Composites, (doi: 10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2011.09.011), 2011, 34:2, 147-155, 2012.
(57) D. Zhu, B. Mobasher, J. Erni, S. Bansal and S.D. Rajan, “Strain Rate and Gage Length Effects on Tensile Behavior of Kevlar 49 Single Yarn”, Composites Part A, 43:2021-2029, 2012.
(58) D. Zhu, B. Mobasher and S.D. Rajan, “Mechanical Behaviors of Kevlar 49 Fabric Subjected to Uniaxial, Biaxial Tension and In-Plane Large Shear Deformation”, Composites Science and Technology, 74:121-130, 2013.
(59) A. Deivanayagam, A. Vaidya and S.D. Rajan, “Enhancements to Modeling of Dry Fabrics for Impact Analysis”, ASCE J of Aerospace Engineering, 10.1061/(ASCE)AS.1943-5525.0000350 (May 9, 2013).
(60) L. Hembade, N. Neithalath and S.D. Rajan, “Understanding the Energy Implications of Phase Change Materials in Concrete Walls through Finite Element Analysis”, ASCE J of Energy Engineering, 10.1061/(ASCE)EY.1943-7897.0000146 (Jul. 12, 2013).
(61) D. Zhu, A. Vaidya, B. Mobasher and S.D. Rajan, “Finite Element Modeling of Ballistic Impact on Multi-Layer Kevlar 49 Fabrics”, Composites Part B, 56, 254-262, 2013.
(62) A. Sridharan, S.D. Rajan and J. Muthuswamy, “Long-term Changes in the Material Properties of Brain-Tissue at the Implant-Tissue Interface”, J of Neural Engineering, doi:10.1088/1741-2560/10/6/066001, 10:6, 1-15, 2013.
(63) A. Stockwell, N. Neithalath and S.D. Rajan, “Multiphysics Design Optimization Model for Structural Walls Incorporating Phase Change Materials”, Engineering Optimization, doi: 10.1080/0305215X.2014.887706, 2014.
(64) BEST PAPER AWARD: M. Sirigiri and S.D.Rajan, “A Flipped Classroom Approach to Teaching Engineering Mechanics Courses”,  Journal of Engineering Education Transformations, Special Issue: Jan. 2015, eISSN 2394-1707. Also 28:4, 109-113, April 2015.
(65) R. Goldberg, K. Carney, P. DuBois, C. Hoffarth, J. Harrington, S.D. Rajan and G. Blankenhorn, “Development of an Orthotropic Elasto-Plastic Generalized Composite Material Model Suitable for Impact Problems”, ASCE J of Aerospace Engineering, DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)AS.1943-5525.0000580, Dec 2015. 
(66) S.D.Rajan, “Teaching Object-Oriented Numerical Analysis”, Journal of Engineering Education Transformations, Special Issue: Jan. 2016, eISSN 2394-1707.
(67) T. Darling, J. Muthuswamy and S.D.Rajan, “Finite Element Modeling of Human Brain Response to Football Helmet Impacts”, Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, DOI:10.1080/10255842.2016.1149574, Jan 2016.
(68) M. Aguayo, S. Das, A. Maroli, N. Kabay, J.C.E Mertens, G. Sant, S.D. Rajan, N. Chawla and N. Neithalath, “The Influence of Microencapsulated Phase Change Material (PCM) Characteristics on the Microstructure and Strength of Cementitious Composites: Experiments and Finite Element Simulations”, Cement and Concrete Composites, 73, 29-41, Oct. 2016.
(69) C. Hoffarth, S.D. Rajan, R. Goldberg, K. Carney, P. DuBois, and G. Blankenhorn, “Implementation and Validation of a Three-Dimensional Plasticity-Based Deformation Model for Orthotropic Composites”, Composites A, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesa.2016.10.024, 91:1, 336-350, December 2016.
(70) S.D. Rajan, “Incorporating Ethics in Engineering Education”, Journal of Engineering Education Transformations, Special Issue: 30:3, 164-171, Jan. 2017.
(71) C. Hoffarth, B. Khaled, L. Shyamsunder, S.D. Rajan, R. Goldberg, K. Carney, P. DuBois, and G. Blankenhorn, “Verification and Validation of a Three-Dimensional Orthotropic Plasticity Constitutive Model Using a Unidirectional Composite”, Fibers, 5(1), 12; doi:10.3390/fib5010012, March 2017.
(72) ASCE Honorable Mention Paper: J. Harrington, C. Hoffarth, S.D. Rajan, R. Goldberg, K. Carney, P. DuBois, and G. Blankenhorn, “Using Virtual Tests to Complete the Description of a Three-Dimensional Orthotropic Material”, ASCE J of Aerospace Engineering, DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)AS.1943-5525.0000737, March 2017.
(73) B. Khaled, L. Shyamsunder, C. Hoffarth, S.D. Rajan, R.K. Goldberg, K.S. Carney, P. DuBois, and G. Blankenhorn, “Experimental Characterization of Composites to Support an Orthotropic Plasticity Material Model”, J of Composite Materials, DOI: 10.1177/0021998317733319, August 2017.
(74) R. Goldberg, K. Carney, P. DuBois, C. Hoffarth, B. Khaled, S.D. Rajan and G. Blankenhorn, “Analysis and Characterization of Damage Utilizing a Generalized Composite Material Model Suitable for Impact Problems”, ASCE J of Aerospace Engineering, 10.1061/(ASCE)AS.1943-5525.0000854, March 2018.
(75) S. Das, M. Aguayo, S.D. Rajan, G. Sant and N. Neithalath, “Microstructure-Guided Numerical Simulation to Predict the Thermal Performance of a Hierarchical Cement-Based Composite Material”, Cement and Concrete Composites, 87, 20-28, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2017.12.003, 2018.
(76) R. Goldberg, K. Carney, P. DuBois, C. Hoffarth, B. Khaled, L. Shyamsunder, S.D. Rajan and G. Blankenhorn, “Implementation of a Tabulated Failure Model Into a Generalized Composite Material Model”, J of Composite Materials, https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998318786778, July 10, 2018.
(77) B. Khaled, L. Shyamsunder, C. Hoffarth, S.D. Rajan, R.K. Goldberg, K.S. Carney, P. DuBois, and G. Blankenhorn, “Damage Characterization of Composites to Support an Orthotropic Plasticity Material Model”, J of Composite Materials, doi:10.1177/0021998318793506, August 2018.
(78) S. Das, C. Hoffarth, B. Ren, B. Spencer, G. Sant, S.D. Rajan and N. Neithalath, “Simulating the Fracture of Notched Mortar Beams through Extended Finite Element Method (XFEM) and Peridynamics”, accepted ASCE J of Engineering Mechanics, December 2018.

Book Chapters

S.D. Rajan and A. Damle, “Parallel Computations for Design Optimization”, Optimization of Structural and Mechanical Systems edited by Jasbir S Arora, World Scientific Publishing Company, 2007.
S.D. Rajan, “Unlocking and Exploring the Design Space – Towards Meeting the Green Design Challenge”, Computer-Aided Design, Elsevier, 10.1016/j.cad.2010.09.001, 2010.
S.D. Rajan, “Enhanced Protection via Composite Armor: Current & Future Trends”, G3 Defence,  3:2, 24-26, 2011.
D. Zhu, B. Mobasher and S.D. Rajan, “Experimental Study of Dynamic Behavior of Kevlar 49 Single Yarn”, Dynamic Behavior of Materials:Volume 1, 147-152, Springer, NY, 2011.
D. Zhu, B. Mobasher and S.D. Rajan, “Finite Element Modeling of Ballistic Impact on Kevlar 49 Fabrics”, Dynamic Behavior of Materials:Volume 1, 249-258, Springer, NY, 2011.
S.D. Rajan and B. Mobasher, “Damage modeling of ballistic impact on woven fabrics”, Advanced Fibrous Composite Materials for Ballistic Protection edited by Xiaogang Chen, 501-515, Woodhead Publishing Series in Composites Science and Engineering, London, 2015.
S.D. Rajan, “Numerical analysis of ballistic composite materials”, Lightweight Ballistic Composites, Second Edition: Military and Law-Enforcement Applications edited by Ashok Bhatnagar, 327-348, Woodhead Publishing Series in Composites Science and Engineering, London, 2016.
L. Bracamonte, R. Loutfy, I.K. Yilmazcoban and S.D. Rajan, “Design, manufacture and analysis of ceramic-composite armor”, Lightweight Ballistic Composites, Second Edition: Military and Law-Enforcement Applications edited by Ashok Bhatnagar, 349-367, Woodhead Publishing Series in Composites Science and Engineering, London, 2016.